Grading means working with material in .raw format. Usually the material comes from expensive cameras, its strong point being the opportunity to later manipulate it to get the necessary contrast in shadows and light. It can be changed and not lose its quality, it may remain dark during grading itself, but it makes the raw picture working material.
Differences in HD 4K
Genius lies in simplicity! But, as a rule, there is lots of work behind it.
Who does what
Is responsible for organizing the shooting. Makes shooting schedule, negotiates with all departments to make sure the shooting goes smoothly, is responsible for monitoring and safety providing on set.
Carries out instructions of the camera director, setting up the light, laying cables, including 'working light’ and providing electricity to all departments.
Assembly and maintenance of camera equipment. Setting up and camera work, preparing monitors (in case there isn’t a playback crew on set), material control, as well as managing digital and film materials.
Is responsible for everything actors touch except costumes, make-up and stage decorations. Includes food, weapons, cigarettes and fake drugs.
Is responsible for all objects in the frame, including stage decorations (furniture, window decorations, floor), staging, making stage decorations.
Is responsible for hair and make-up of all the actors on the screen, including simple switches, hair extensions and so on.
Script development, integrity of blocking, props, make-up and costumes, monitoring of shooting according to the script.
Is responsible for finding locations, connection to the outside world, opening and closing of the set.
Is responsible for transporting equipment, setting up lighting stands as well as light control equipment, helping on set. Transportation and adjustment of equipment.
Is responsible for recording and assembling the audio track, including dialogues, background noises and atmosphere in the frame.
Is responsible for providing the set with food and drinks in a buffet worm, depending on the budget.
Special Effect Supervisor
Is responsible for preparation and making of all practical effects on set, including smoke and fog, wind, snow or rain, also pyrotechnics.
Provides medical assistance to the crew and the actors, if needed.
VFX-supervisor (visual effects)
Managing and supervising creative and technical execution of non-practical elements of visual effects.
Transportation / Transfer
Responsible for the transportation of all team members, props, scenery, etc.
As a rule, everyone has their own idea of the final result, which is formed by what the person has seen and heard. Storyboard helps to see a mutual understanding of the picture before shooting even begins and understand potential pitfalls of set. Also helps with time management.